Barron GRE word list - A - fatyfivythe.tk Pages·· MB·13, Downloads. Synonyms: abominate, be sickened by, Antonyms: avoid, check. Tricky “Easy” GRE Words with Multiple Meanings. .. or suggestions, leave us a comment at fatyfivythe.tk! .. To inundate is a synonym for to deluge, which means to flood. Figuratively. the SAT, civil service exams, and the GRE—use synonym and antonym tions of questions that ask you to select a word's synonym and Then study this list.
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More than words with usage for GRE Exam. Use this list to get a top score in GRE Verbal Test. Download pdf file for free!. Vocabulary Questions, Synonym and Antonym Questions, Word. Analogies Executive Assistant. GRE test. Federal Clerical Exam. Miller Analogies Test. Treasury helpful resource—a list of common prefixes, suffixes, and word. Grouped synonym-antonym for SAT and GRE: SAT and GRE made easy from to words (SAT and GRE vocabulary series Book 1) eBook: ADEL GRE Barron's word list in Alphabetic order through reading cool reading.
Individual attributes such as, for example, intelligence, can be measured by using a number of different instruments and methods. To assess an individual's true psychological complexity, multiple instruments that employ a variety of methods for collecting data are used. For example, in assessing job performance, the primary instrument that measures employee performance may be supplemented by information from external sources such as peers and supervisors.
In the field of measurement, method has a wide meaning, comprising all ways of measuring Kline, The method can refer to the source of information e. For this reason, different instruments that measure the same construct e.
The existence of these various measurement methods inspired Campbell and Fiske to develop the multi-trait multi-method MTMM analysis of construct validity. An instrument is assumed to attain high construct validity if there is a strong correlation between two instruments that measure similar attributes using different methods, while different instruments that measure different attributes have low correlations.
This type of testing assumes that the method of measurement should not affect the scoring of the attribute of interest: if the obtained correlation is high, then both instruments can be assumed to be valid.
GRE Word List
This approach implies that methods of measurement are interchangeable. This concept of interchangeability of method was challenged by the discovery of the person specific method, meaning that individuals respond differently to different methods. The assumption that methods were completely interchangeable was also challenged by the discovery of method effects, meaning that using different methods may unintentionally require different skills.
For example, a test of literacy may give very different results if administered in a paper-and-pencil form or on a computer. Another crucial method effect was introduced by Marsh , who found that instruments for measuring self-esteem gave very different results if the items were worded positively e.
Currently, in the scale development literature, different item stems with different intensities and emphases are used to minimize response style bias e.
For this reason, assessments of mood, for example, should not only include items that measure positive mood e.
Both items are parallel and interchangeable—individuals who truly have a positive mood state will endorse the first item but not endorse the second—this mix of positively and negatively phrased items should reduce response bias.
Mood is not the only example of this measurement-related concern; in many psychological measurements, attributes that theoretically stand on the opposite ends of a continuum can occur simultaneously. Factor analysis conducted on such scales reveal the existence of item groups based on the type of item, as opposed to on the attribute of interest. Clearly, different measurement methods may result in bias, which can sometimes only be detected after when the measurement instrument has been administered.
When testing the construct validity of a new instrument, researchers must distinguish between method effects differences due to the use of different methods and construct effects differences due to actual differences in the attribute of interest.
Under MTMM construct validity testing, method-related variance is seen as a residual that must be minimized; this form of validity testing attempts to maximize construct-related variance and minimize method-related variance. Method-related variance is seen as a residual that is unrelated to construct-related variance.
This is similar to regression analysis, which also seeks to minimize residuals. The residuals in regression analysis are random, and not correlated with true score variance. This explains the effect of the predictor on the criterion.
Following the principle that residuals must be random and do not correlate to any variable, method-related variance must not relate to any variable, including the construct measured. A low correlation between the construct and method variance implies that the construct is independent from the selected method of measure; in this case, the method used is just one alternative among many alternative methods that could be used to assess the construct, and this method could be replaced by others.
In contrast, a high correlation between the construct and method variance means that the construct must be assessed using the same method that was already used, as changing the method will reduce the information provided about the construct being measured.
Researchers seek to minimize the role of method effects due to conceptual and methodological constructs, so as to isolate the true underlying variance. Recent literature suggests that using different methods can strongly impact the construct being measured Pace, For example, researchers may use two methods, self-report and peer judgment, to measure social support.
These methods are not parallel, and cannot replace each other, meaning that eliminating one of those methods will change the operational definition of social support. For example, removing the peer judgment in the preceding example will change the attribute being measures to perceived social support, as it is being assessed only through subjective self-report.
This example illustrates how different methods sometimes cannot be eliminated or even separated when measuring psychological attributes.
Researchers in this area therefore need an analytical procedure to assess the correlation between the constructs being measured and the methods being employed. Synonym and Antonym Test Tests measuring cognitive abilities usually focus on the ability involved in thinking i.
Verbal abilities tests usually measure verbal knowledge and verbal reasoning.
There are many types of tests available to measure verbal abilities e. The selection of the types of sub-tests depends on the theory, purpose, and test-taker characteristics chosen by test developers. For example, in major changes in both content and procedures were implemented in the SAT: antonym items were eliminated from the verbal section, reading comprehension items were made more complex, and sentence completion items were added Zwick, The present study focused on two verbal abilities tests: synonyms and antonyms.
Although prior studies have assumed that synonym and antonym tests are substitutive methods that both measure verbal comprehension e. Two words are synonyms if they have similar meanings. In a synonym question, respondents must choose the word that is closest in meaning to the given word e.
GRE Vocabulary — A Synonym Tree to Up Your Score!
Individuals are instructed to look for the best match among the choices given, not necessarily a perfect match. Antonyms are two words that have opposite meanings. In an antonym question, individuals must choose the word or phrase that most nearly means the opposite of the given word e. Synonyms and antonyms have paradigmatic and syntagmatic relationships, respectively, between the two matched items. According to Rapp , words with a paradigmatic relationship are normally the same part of speech, whereas words with a syntagmatic relation can be but need not be the same part of speech.
Further, although the definitions of synonym and antonym are very similar, the strategy for handling antonym questions is different from that for answering synonym questions. Laconic adj.
Insipid adj. Pragmatic adj. Iconoclast noun — someone who attacks cherished beliefs or institutions Irrespective of his actuating motives, his deeds as an iconoclast will be treated harshly and is answerable in court. Arduous adj. Profligate adj.
Prosaic adj. Ameliorate v. Obsequious adj. Capricious adj. Fortuitous adj. Orthodox adj. Alacrity noun — lively and cheerful readiness After marriage, Jenny rushed off with excitement to visit her parents, but her father did not accept their marriage with equal alacrity. Pellucid adj. Corroborate v. Magnanimous adj. Scrupulous adj. Prolific adj.
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Dogmatic adj. Placate v. Mercurial adj. Exacerbate v. Redundant adj. Hackneyed adj.
Prudent adj. Belie v. Esoteric adj. Niobe submitted a thesis with his analysis and computations — a fairly esoteric mathematical dissent about how best to gather rational generalizations on the origin of the universe theory.
Cacophony noun — a harsh, discordant mixture of sounds The cacophony surrounding the multi-billion dollar downloadout of leading messaging service by a social networking company shook the whole tech industry.
Impetuous adj. Idiosyncrasy noun — a way of thought peculiar to an individual Modern technologies are a lot more expensive than their existing alternatives and each has its own idiosyncrasies that be conquered. Extant adj. Obscure adj. Didactic adj.
Pithy adj. Copious adj. Ostentation adj. Adulterate verb alter or debase, often for profit Of all teas, I love green tea the most and would never adulterate it with sweeteners; even a pitch of sugar would be a desecration.
GRE word list with antonyms - Catchy World
Taciturn adj. Obdurate adj. Garrulous adj. Lionize verb — treat someone as a celebrity The retired lieutenant is being lionized as a paragon of integrity for standing up against corruption. Imminent adj. Frivolous adj — trivial, silly Ram was passionate and serious about collecting coins but his friends thought it was a frivolous activity. Benign adj. Dissonance noun — lack of harmony, disagreement There is a great deal of dissonance between the conflicting evidences produced by both the parties and hence the judge had to close the case on account of lack of sufficient evidence.
Inculpate verb — accuse or blame Although the killer successfully disposed of the murder weapon, his friends provided evidence that could actually inculpate both the killer and the people who tried to cover up the killing. Docile adj. Sporadic adj. Prevaricate verb — deceive; stretch the truth Aria does not take bad news well and hence her brother always prevaricates when telling her something she does not want to hear. Chicanery noun — deception, trickery The judge has plenty of reason to suspect chicanery because the lawyer has a reputation of aggressively defending his clients and of getting verdicts of innocence on guilty Policemen.
Gainsay verb — deny or contradict Some of the officers were about to reject the project, but it had come from them, they could not well gainsay it.
Eulogy noun — praise, exclamation Public officials and her friends joined in a chorus of eulogy and remembrances for many days afterward as Michelle signs on the human rights doctrine.
Belligerent adj. Dispassionate adj. Providential adj. Fractious adj. Malign adj. Disparate adj. Plausible adj. Sanguine adj. Venerate v. Trite adj. Johnson delivered movements with any firmness; and even he was moving with such a professional awe that rendered everything trite. Succinct adj.Trivial adj. Adulterate verb alter or debase, often for profit Of all teas, I love green tea the most and would never adulterate it with sweeteners; even a pitch of sugar would be a desecration.
Fractious adj. Enervate verb — weaken, wear out The blazing heat in mid-June caused dehydration and enervated the shipwrecked crew, leaving them almost too weak to hail the passing vessel. Advocate noun — person supporting an idea or cause publicly Mr. Keywords: method variance, confirmatory factor analysis, synonyms and antonyms test Measurement process comprises a number of elements, including the attribute being measured, the instrument being used to measure, the methods of using the instrument, and the unit of measurement.
A capital dose of humour with an incredible variety of examples, it illustrates the way a vocab book ought to be written.
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